加拿大论文代写Issue of Rural-to-urban Migrants  



加拿大论文代写Issue of Rural-to-urban Migrants

 

In China, Since the 1980s, the rapid growth of labor demand in urban China has induced massive migration from rural to urban areas, searching for better salary and living quality. Most of them move to the city for temporary plans, to solve the financial trouble or support children’s education, and most of them are peasant-workers. Who are not well paid and with unstable jobs. However, some rural migrants are make up their mind to get rid of their rural household registration for good and start a new page of their life journey. Besides, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang have announced a bold plan provide more work chances for rural people, turn them into city dwellers and improve their quality of life. With the support of national policy, the population of rural-to-urban migrants has been increases extremely fast. For instance, Guangdong, as the largest city of migrants, with more than 14million people in the area of less than 2020km, which has already surpassed the population carrying capacity. As time went by, there are more and more debate towards to this rural-to-urban migrants issue. It did take lots of advantaged for the development of cities, but what kind of disadvantages it has during the development of cities?


Supplying labor

 

With the further development of reform and opening up and economic and cultural development of China, our country is at the time of changing the structure of the industry and planning to build up cities with new characters, it is a necessary process of labor immigrants. For one thing, these surplus rural labor make use of the fallow time to make a better life. For another thing, there is no doubt that urban migrants added to the supply of labor. They become the main strength of the urban constructions. Which strongly boosts development of all kinds of construction.

 

Increasing urbanization

 

 “Urbanization is the sure route to modernization and an important basis for integrating the urban and rural structures” Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said in a government work report delivered at the opening of the annual session of the National People’s Congress. On the one hand, the balance of urban and rural structures are necessary to the whole development of our country, it is an important policy and waiting for powerfully and effectively implement. On the other hand, although we have increased our economic development and comprehensive national strength, Nearly half of China’s population live rurally. We have to increase urbanization to stimulate consumer spending and ensure sustainable economic growth.

 

Living with no sense of belonging

 

For instance, Chinese institutional constraints that migrants workers, who have physically resides in cities for an extended period but are nevertheless still officially regarded as rural citizens. These large number of urban migrants who work hard for cities and spend every daily life in cities can never get their identity. Which also means their children can never truly become city dwellers in the future. The paper of household register classifies the group of people as rural population. Which widens the urban-rural gap, urban migrants who own no household register may not enjoy more material wealth than average household living in the cities. An urban migrant who leave their native place, bear all kinds of unfair treatment in income and living conditions can still not get any approval, suffering from no sense of belonging psychologically.

 

Casing social instability

 

Suddenly, a huge number of urban migrants do not give cities time to prepare for the establishment of education, security, medical facility, accommodations and various kinds of services. Urban migrants live with the lack of all kinds of resources. So there have been a lot of criticism towards to urban migrants for a while because of their improper or bad behavior, as a matter of fact, it is not their fault of misbehaving. After all, They are forced to start with unfair starting lines. However, even worse, as regional discrimination came up with, more and more conflicts happen between urban migrants and native dweller. With low-paying, poor accommodation conditions, no sense of belonging and constantly squeezed by the native dwellerThe first mood is to feel powerless when they find they are not accepted or treated well, and then they turn this into a defiant pessimism. This psychological change process is how they are lead to wrong ways. Criminal behaviors of swindle, steal, and even murder caused lots of social instabilities

 

Nowadays, more people live in cities than in rural areas, and not only in China, urbanization begins to grow all around the world. City living is much more efficient in a variety of ways. It’s easier to provide services when people live closer together. However, cities also change the way that humans interact with each other and the environment, often causing multiple problems(Ocean Malandra). However, as far as I am concerned, according to the principle of contradiction, everything in the world exist in the principle of universality and particularity of contradictions. Furthermore, there is a uniformity in the principle of universality, which refers to two aspects of contradiction with each other. It means the two aspects cannot be separated, they always coexist in a unified body. However, they can be transformed each other under certain conditions. In other words, whether how many disadvantages urban migrants bring to cities, as long as there are a “certain conditions” are appeared. Which means they are taken care of by effective national policies like housing reform and urban migrants protection law, all of these disadvantages can transform into advantages, which conforms to the historical trend of urbanization and to follow world’s footsteps for develop better.

 

  In conclusion, it is obvious that rural-to-urban migrants have already done a lot of amazing work to cities, there is no reason to get them out of cities where they put so much heart into. They have the right to enjoy these achievements and supervise “how their children develop”. Regardless, development of cities can never be completed without their help. It is time to admit their success to accept them from the heart, to regard them as the constructor of cities, to respect them and to give them all the rights they deserve.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

 

Li, KeqianXinhua Daily: Xinhua Publish 2014, March5. Print

 

Ayako Kondo, In Search of a Better LifeThe Occupational Attainment of Rural and Urban Migrants in China: The Collected Papers of Pedagogical Economics,2010. Print

 

 Zhao, Yaohui, Labor Migration and Earnings Differences: The Case of Rural China. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 1999. Print.

 

Ocean, Malandra, Advantages&Disadvantages of Rural-Urban MigrationMay, 2015. Print

 

Roundup: Maine’s Food Deserts: Daily Yonder, 2014. Print